The road from principles to practice: Today's challenges for business in respecting human rights
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The Economist Intelligence Unit
This policy report, prepared by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), analyses levels of respect for human rights among businesses around the world. The policy report contains the final results of a global survey of nearly 900 CEOs, designed to understand their views, perceptions, strategies and actions in the area of human rights. The survey and the resulting EIU report aim to understand the degree to which the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights have been translated from principles into practice. The project was initiated and sponsored by the Universal Rights Group. It also benefited from the support of DLA Piper, Lilly, Mazars, the Global Business Initiative on Human Rights (GBI), Telenor Group, the International Chamber of Commerce, IPIECA, the International Organisation of Employers (IOE), the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. The survey received guidance from the UN Working Group on business and human rights. Over the last decade, the field of business and human rights has seen a dramatic evolution, from a situation in which companies and human rights activists were at odds, to one in which stakeholders have begun to approach a common understanding of the risks, challenges, and opportunities involved. This evolution is best represented by the UN Human Rights Council’s endorsement in 2011 of the Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. This watershed event was, however, only “the end of the beginning”, in the words of John Ruggie, former UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative on human rights and transnational corporations. Spectacular failures of human rights protection still claim headlines. On the positive side, many companies are now more focused than ever on human rights and how to apply the 2011 Guiding Principles. This study finds that corporate acceptance of a responsibility to respect human rights is widespread, but so is confusion about what that responsibility means in practice. Key findings of the report include:
- Companies overwhelmingly perceive a responsibility to respect human rights. Four-fifths (83%) of respondents say business is an important player in respecting human rights. In each of 11 clusters of human rights, a majority say their companies’ operations have an impact.
- The “business case” for respecting human rights tends to rest on behaving ethically and maintaining good relations with employees and others, rather than on short-term risk management or financial considerations. The main driver is “building sustainable relationships with local communities” (48%).
- Companies are still learning what their human rights responsibilities mean in practice. While most acknowledge the importance of the issue, 54% have no policy statement referencing human rights, and only 22% have a publicly available statement of policy on this issue.
- The main barriers to addressing human rights are lack of understanding of responsibilities (30%), lack of resources (27%), and lack of training and education for all employees (25%).
- Responsibility for respecting human rights tends to be diffused among departments, including corporate social responsibility, human resources, and strategy. Of all corporate functions and levels, CEOs were most likely to take the lead (44%) or to be actively involved (28%) in corporate human rights efforts.
- Corporate communications on human rights are more internal (42%) than external (27%). About one-fourth (23%) communicate on human rights as part of corporate social responsibility activities, while 21% do not communicate about human rights at all.